2021 China container transport industry market status and development trend analysis of the industry market space is huge

In 2020, the national movable storage units output was 986.36 million cubic meters, up 12.3 percent year on year;The storage shipping container volume of the designated ports reached 264.3 million TEU, up 1.2 percent year on year. Under the background that the total volume of freight in the whole society will decrease by 0.5% year-on-year in 2020, the transportable storage units market will buck the trend of growth. However, at present, the container transport volume of domestic railway ports and ports is still small, and there is still a big gap compared with the level of developed countries. There is a big space for the industry to grow in the future.

Container transportation (Container freight transport), refers to the large Container vessel as the carrier, the collection of the goods, assembled into movable storage units in order to use large modern circulation field loading and unloading machinery and large transport vehicles handling and transportation task, to better achieve the goods door to door transportation mode of transportation of the new type of high efficiency and high benefit.

The characteristics of container transport are mainly reflected in the aspects of high efficiency, high investment, and high cooperation, which are suitable for multimodal transport. Container transport greatly reduces the number of manual loading, unloading, and handling in the traditional mode of transport, which can avoid freight accidents caused by human and natural factors such as damage, wet loss, and loss of goods, and reduce economic losses

In addition, the multi-modal transport with the container as the transportable storage units can realize door-to-door transport, improve transport efficiency, and because there is no need to change the container in the transport process, it can reduce the damage and loss of the intermediate link and the possible replacement of goods, and improve the transport quality.

Supply-side analysis—Container production fluctuation changes

The rapid development of container transport has led to the prosperity of mini mobile storage container manufacturers. The container manufacturing industry mainly includes dry cargo containers, refrigerated containers, tank containers, and other types of special container manufacturing. Over 90 percent of the world’s standard dry cargo containers are produced in China, and the volume of container production and sales has been the first in the world for more than a decade.

At present, China’s container production has entered a period of market adjustment, which brings with it a more reasonable container capacity and a change in the pattern of the container production market.

Container berths are increasing year by year

Container wharves are places with clear boundaries that can accommodate complete container loading and unloading operations, including water areas such as harbor basins, anchorage, entry channels, berths, and other land areas such as cargo terminal, storage yard, wharf, front office, and living areas. A container terminal is the hub station of land and water intermodal transport, is the buffer ground of container goods in the transformation of transport mode, and is also the junction point of goods. Therefore, the container terminal plays an important role in the whole process of container transport.

From the perspective of container berths construction, from 2010 to 2019, the overall number of container berths in China’s ports showed an increasing trend. By the end of 2019, the number of domestic container berths reached 352, with a year-on-year growth of 4.1%.

Demand end analysis—–Port container throughput increased rapidly

According to the data of the Ministry of Transport, the container throughput of China’s ports above the designated size increased year by year from 2016 to 2021, reaching 264.3 million TEU by 2020, with a year-on-year growth of 1.2%.

In January 2021, the container throughput of ports above the designated size in China was 23.77 million TEU, up 13.2% year on year.

——-Railway container delivery volume increased further

According to the data of China Container Industry Association, in the first half of 2020, a total of 9.74 million TEU of railway containers were delivered, with a year-on-year growth of 22.6%, and the cargo volume reached 196million tons, with a year-on-year growth of 32.5%. Among them, 35 tons of railway open top containers were delivered 4.62 million TEU, with a year-on-year growth of 61.4%, becoming the main source driving the growth of railway containers. In the first half of 2020, 301 new container handling stations were added, and the contribution rate of container transportation to railway freight growth reached 82%.

Analysis of China Railway Container Transport in the First Half of 2020 One hundred million tons   

Industry development trend analysis

At present, the domestic railway port container transport volume is relatively small, compared with the level of developed countries, there is a big gap between the overall view, the current domestic container transport market still has a big room for growth, container sea rail combined transport and international railway combined transport is expected to maintain a strong growth trend.

In addition, with the development of domestic economy and the promotion and development of container logistics, the domestic container throughput occupies an increasing proportion of the main domestic ports. Internal circulation to expand domestic demand is the main direction of China’s economic transformation, domestic trade container transport will usher in greater development.

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